The Arrival of Multiplexes & Asian Mainstream

1970s & Onwards: Innovation in Popular Culture – Around the World

The Kingdom and the Beauty (1959) dir. Li Han-hsiang

  • Feminine, highly colored, everything perfect

A Touch of Zen (1971) dir. King Hu

  • King Hu changed Hong Kong from feminine to aggressive
    • Fast paced, fight scenes, swords
  • Graceful cinema
  • Kung Fu had taken over Hong Kong cinema
  • Film goes through many different stages of story telling

Enter the Dragon (1973) dir. Robert Clouse

  • Made cinema even more masculine
  • Bruce Lee’s fighting had more rage
  • Lee = fast & furious, but the camera work was slow
    • Not much editing

A Better Tomorrow (1986) dir. John Woo

  • Lots of editing
  • Style of the movie very different
    • Shootouts filmed with multiple cameras

Iron Monkey (1993) dir. Yuen Woo-ping

  • Cutting fast, many camera angles but the fighting just as great

The Matrix (1999) dir. Andy Wachowski & Lana Wachowski

  • Combined all different techniques into the film
    • Yuen Woo-ping greatly influenced it
  • Yuen Woo-ping trained the actors to fight

Once Upon a Time in China (1991) dir. Tsui Hark

  • Steven Spielberg of Hong Kong
  • More than 25 shots in one scene when 5 would have worked

New Dragon Gate Inn (1992) dir. Raymond Lee

  • Hyperactive cinema inspired by Tsui Hark

Mughal-e-Azam (1960) dir. K. Asif

  • Mainstream India, Bollywood, became more innovative
  • Sparkling scenes, mirrored sets

Devi (1960) (introduced in Episode 6) dir. Satyajit Ray

  • Woman was understated in this film

Mausam (1975) dir. Gulzar

  • Singing, bold, main focus in this film
  • Queen of Bollywood, wore bright red
  • Past & present, joy & pain of love

Zanjeer (1973) dir. Prakash Mehra

Sholay (1975) dir. Ramesh Sippy

The Message: The Story of Islam (1976) (aka Mohammad, Messenger of God) dir. Moustapha Akkad

The Making of an Epic: Mohammad, Messenger of God (1976) dir. Geoffrey Helman & Christopher Penfold

The Sparrow (1972) dir. Youssef Chahine

The Exorcist (1973) dir. William Friedkin

A Guy Named Joe (1943) dir. Victor Fleming

Jaws (1975) dir. Steven Spielberg

The Making of Steven Spielberg’s Jaws (1995) dir. Laurent Bouzereau

Vertigo (1958) (introduced in Episode 4) dir. Alfred Hitchcock

Close Encounters of the Third Kind (1977) dir. Steven Spielberg

Jurassic Park (1993) dir. Steven Spielberg

Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope (1977) (introduced in Episode 1) dir. George Lucas

The Hidden Fortress (1958) dir. Akira Kurosawa

Triumph of the Will (1935) (aka Triumph des Willens) (introduced in Episode 4) dir. Leni Riefenstahl

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